In this article, we’ll discuss everything you should know about web technologies and programming languages.
Table of Contents
What Is Web Technology?
Web Technology is the set of tools and techniques used for communication between several different devices over the internet. For example, we use a web browser to access web pages. Web browsers are essentially software tools that display text, images, videos, data, and animations on the internet. Web technologies are constantly evolving, and it’s essential for web developers to know about the latest web technologies to meet customer expectations.
What Are Different Web Technologies?
There are several different types of web technologies that can be divided into the following sections:
World Wide Web (WWW)
The World Wide Web is the system that enables us to access different web resources and documents over the internet. The WWW is based on the following technologies:
- Web browsers
- Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
- Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
A web browser is a software tool or application software that allows us to explore the World Wide Web. In other words, a web browser enables us to access the web resources that are part of the internet. When we access a web page from a website, the web browser first retrieves the files from the server and then displays the requested page on our screen.
A web server processes the client requests and provides users with files and content that make up a web page. A web server responds to the client requests using HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol).
A webpage is essentially a hypertext document or digital document that part of the World Wide Web. You can access a web page with a web browser and an internet connection.
Web development means developing and maintaining websites and web applications that work over the internet. It includes web programming, web design, web publishing, and database management.
What Are Front-End And Back-End Development?
Font and back-end development are the two types of web development:
Back-end refers to the server side of a web app or website. Hence, back-end development refers to developing the server side of a website. Website users cannot see or interact with the back end of a web app – its purpose is to store and arrange files and data.
What Are Different Front-End Languages?
Here are some of the most common front-end languages:
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is among the basic web development technologies for designing the client side of the app. Additionally, it is the standard front-end language used to describe the structure of a webpage. Front-end developers can use HTML to create static pages consisting of text, images, headings, links, and tables.
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is a language that allows us to stylize HTML elements. It basically makes it easy to create beautiful web pages.
What Are Different Back-End Languages?
Here are the most popular back-end languages:
PHP is a popular server-side scripting language used for web development. It is an open-source language that supports several databases. For instance, you can use PHP to connect to and manage a database management system like MySQL.
Node.js is an open-source runtime environment that allows developers to execute JS code outside a web browser.
Python is another very popular open-source, object-oriented programming language used for several purposes. It can work on multiple platforms like Windows, Linux, and Mac. Additionally, one of the most liked features of Python is its human-friendly syntax, which makes it easy to learn and write clean code.
Developed in the 1990s, Ruby is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language. It also has a simple syntax, making it super easy to learn and write.
Java is another widely used object-oriented programming language. Released in 1995 by Sun Microsystems, Java is highly scalable and easy to use.
Some of the most popular JS front-end frameworks include:
- Angular Bootstrap (ngx)
- Material UI
- Angular PrimeNG
- Sencha Ext JS
- JS Grid
- React Grid
Here are some of the best JS libraries:
- jQuery UI and JQuery EasyUI
- React Material UI
- React Suite
- Ant Design
- React Reactstrap
- React Bootstrap
What Are Web Protocols?
In short, web protocols are the rules for communicating and exchanging data over the web.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
HTTP is also a commonly used protocol that enables communication between the server and the client. Thus, it is used for transferring files like text, videos, and images over the web.
- TCP/IP Model